Autism is a complex developmental disability. It is the result of a neurological disorder that has an effect on normal brain function and development (Johnson, C.P., Myers, S.M. & Council on Children with disabilities, 2007).
Autism usually presents itself during the first three years of a person's life (Johnson, C.P., et al., 2007). People across all autism spectrum disorders typically have difficulties with social interaction as well as with verbal and non-verbal communication (CDC, 2012). They also tend to be interested in odd, repetitive, or restricted activities, such as hand-flapping or body rocking (Johnson, C.P., et al., 2007).
The majority of children with autism look like their peers, however they engage in puzzling and often distressing behaviors which cause them to stand out from others. Autism now affects 1 in 110 children and 1 in 70 boys (CDC, 2006).
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